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In stocks and businesses, an expression of the underlying value of the company.
Third, certain socially responsible investing (SRI) screens may improve investment returns.
In Volume I, the only part of Marx's multi-volume Capital: Critique of Political Economy to be published during his lifetime, Marx critiques capitalism chiefly from the standpoint of its production processes.
After Marx's death, Friedrich Engels compiled and expanded his friend's notes into volumes II (1885) and III (1894). Volume I has come to be considered as a major work of modern economic thought, alongside the likes of Smith's The Wealth of Nations (1776) and Keynes's General Theory (1936).
After determining the commodity as being a use-value, he explains that a commodity is also an "exchange-value".
He explains this as the quantity of other commodities that it will exchange for. No matter their relationship, there will always be an equation where a certain amount of corn will exchange for a certain amount of iron.
First edition of volume 1 of Karl Marx’s 'Das Kapital' from 1867, from the collection of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam.